The first part of this provision is known as the establishment clause and the second part is known as the free exercise clause although the first amendment only refers to congress the us supreme court has held that the fourteenth amendment makes the free exercise and establishment clauses also binding on states cantwell v.
freeexercise clauses of state constitutions which protected religious opinion expression of opinion and practice were all expressly protected by the free exercise clause1 the clause protects not just religious beliefs but actions made on behalf of those beliefs.
The free exercise clause in addition to prohibiting the establishment of religion the first amendment prevents congress from prohibiting the free exercise thereof.
Psci 331 exam ii free exercise clause free exercise clause study play united states v carolene products 1938 married blacks only and 1976 to single blacks but only if they adhered strictly and accepted expulsion for interracial dating the irs revoked the schools taxexempt status because its policies were racist.
The courts interpretation of the free exercise clause of the first amendment has undergone a somewhat circular evolution that is an interpretation established in the late nineteenth century gave way to more liberal concessions to religionbased practices during the midtwentieth century but.
The court recently recognized that the free exercise clause along with the establishment clause required a religious exemption from a neutral and general federal antidiscrimination law that interfered with a churchs freedom to select its own ministers.
The first amendment has two provisions concerning religion the establishment clause and the free exercise clause the establishment clause prohibits the government from establishing a religion the precise definition of establishment is unclear historically it meant prohibiting statesponsored churches such as the church of england.